Useful Tips

How to deal with oily skin: face care rules, effective products, masks


Oily skin is one of the common skin types, which is characterized by excessive activity of the sebaceous glands, a rough, loose texture with expanded pores, an unhealthy color and a greasy sheen. It should be noted that this is one of the four existing types of dermis, i.e. a variant of the norm, and not as a separate disease.

Very often comedones (black dots), blackheads, cysts of the sebaceous glands, seborrhea, i.e. there is a tendency to these negative phenomena, but oily - does not mean problem skin, with proper care all these troubles can be avoided.

Oily skin - causes

  • Genetic predisposition. In this case, the dermis does not change throughout life and remains oily, however, there are few such cases, only 5-8% of all cases.
  • Adolescence . Most often, adolescents are the owners of this feature, but by the age of 25-30, oily skin goes into combination skin.
  • Intensified sebaceous gland function. This may be due to a hereditary predisposition, disorders of the digestive tract (cholecystitis, colitis, constipation), hormonal changes, nutrition (addiction to spicy, fatty, floury foods, alcohol, soda), work in conditions of elevated temperatures and dust, exposure to cigarette smoke, sun radiation.
  • Hormonal causes. Oily skin is characteristic for puberty, the second phase of the menstrual cycle, menopause, pregnancy, prolonged stressful situations. It happens against the background of hormonal treatment or prolonged use of oral contraceptives, as well as a sharp cessation of hormones.
  • Disorders of the endocrine system. With hypothyroidism, there is a general dryness of the skin and oily dermis on the face.
  • Immunity violation. A decrease in the body's immune defense can also be manifested by this symptom.
  • Improper hygiene: aggressive cleansing of the skin with alcohol-containing cosmetics and scrubs, constant degreasing of problem areas, the use of oily creams, etc. Removal of the surface lipid layer leads to even greater compensatory work of the sebaceous glands. Frequent peeling injures the epidermis and activates the production of sebum, which is produced to protect the damaged surface. Greasy creams clog pores and mix with sebum. Therefore, the answer to the question why facial skin is oily, you should start looking for yourself.

Diseases in which one of the symptoms is oily skin:

  • diabetes mellitus - a polysystemic pathology that affects all organs and systems,
  • cachexia, exhaustion in women - a lack of building material for the synthesis of female hormones, against which the level of male hormones rises,
  • obesity - oily skin as a result of malnutrition and excessive sweating,
  • ovarian tumors, polycystic ovary disease - a phenomenon, again, is a consequence of elevated levels of male hormones,
  • hyperandrogenism in men - an increased level of male hormones in representatives of the strong sex amid enthusiasm for bodybuilding, sports and the use of synthetic testosterone for muscle growth,
  • hypertrichosis is a disease characterized by excessive hairiness and a change in the level of hormones, which, again, causes oily skin,
  • liver diseases such as fatty degeneration, hepatitis, because the liver performs an intoxication function, including, removes excess hormones. A characteristic feature is oily skin of the nasolabial folds and forehead.

When to see a doctor

Actually, a doctor should be consulted in all cases when such a symptom arose for no apparent reason, especially in adulthood. Treatment requires all the complications - boils, carbuncles, phlegmon.

The fact is that skin fat is an excellent breeding ground for the development of bacteria, especially Staphylococcus aureus, propionobacteria and streptococcus. Causing local inflammatory processes, actively multiplying, bacteria can infect healthy tissues and spread throughout the body, causing an extensive infectious process that can end fatally.


Oily, thickened, coarse, untidy and glossy and uneven surface of the skin, with a grayish, dull color. Often the appearance resembles an orange peel - the pores are clearly visible and, with proper care, practically gap or are filled with liquid fat. With insufficient or improper care, clogging of the pores occurs - comedones are formed, as well as acne and milia. The phenomena of seborrhea and thalangiectasia are possible.

Oily skin has its advantages: the constantly present natural oily mantle protects the skin from adverse external influences, prevents photoaging and loss of elasticity. It is proved that people with this type of dermis age more slowly - wrinkles appear later and are less noticeable.

What to do to its owners of oily skin

  • First of all, the negative impact of aggressive and inappropriate cosmetics, and the cleaning methods that we talked about above, in the causes of the problem (alcohol-containing products, frequent peeling, etc.) are eliminated to the maximum.
  • It is excluded from, or at least limited to, fatty, fried, salty, smoked, pickled and sweet.
  • The basis of the diet should be low-fat fish, white meat, veal, vegetables, fruits, bran.
  • In no case should you go to bed with makeup on your face. Ideally, you should cleanse your face immediately after returning home.

How to care for oily skin

Daily care has several goals:

  • removal of excess sebum (but not overdrying)
  • opening and cleansing pores,
  • decreased activity of the sebaceous glands.

Oily skin care can be divided into professional, which is carried out in beauty salons and beauty parlors, and home, accessible to everyone.

Home Remedies for Oily Skin

Like any other type, oily skin needs to be cleansed, moisturized and nourished.

  • 2-3 times a week should be washed with a special mousse, foam or gel for oily skin. These funds have a self-regulating and purifying effect, eliminate inflammation, without overdrying.
  • When cleaning, do not use different washcloths, sponges, as well as alkaline soap and too hot water. Initially, the effect will be very good, and a cleaned dermis will delight dullness. But after 10-15 minutes, a greasy shine will appear again, because both hot water and mechanical stress further stimulate the activity of the sebaceous glands. It is ideal to do everything with your fingertips or a cotton pad, without fanaticism, using warm or cool water.
  • Instead of water, you can use an infusion of herbs: chamomile, peppermint, nettle, linden blossom, or use bottled water.
  • After washing, the face is dried naturally and treated with a suitable tonic or lotion.
  • Finishing step - applying cream for oily or combination skin. A good cream has a light texture, is quickly absorbed, leaves no residue and must be protected from UV radiation.
  • Deep cleansing - peeling - can be done once a week. But for cleansing, it is not recommended to use scrubs in the form of compounds that need to be applied to the cover and actively massaged. It is better to use mask-films that effectively remove fat, dead epithelium, dirt, without injuring and activating the sebaceous glands.
  • 1-2 times a week, you can make homemade masks for oily skin from green or blue clay, which have an adsorbing effect, as well as fruit masks based on apples, kiwi, with the addition of lemon juice, contributing to the normalization of the sebaceous glands. A positive effect is the oil from the gruel of raw potatoes.
  • A good effect is provided by weekly lotions with sea salt, which are made on the basis of melt water (1 tsp salt per 500 ml of water) and can withstand 5-10 minutes.
  • With special care, you should choose decorative cosmetics, especially foundation and makeup foundation - the products should also be light, quickly absorbed and easily washed off. It is best not to use tonal and powder.
  • During the day you can’t touch your face with your hands, because dirt and bacteria from their surface easily penetrate into the pores and exacerbate the situation.

Salon care procedures include the following steps:

  • makeup removal using special bactericidal emulsions,
  • cleansing and toning with tonics and lotions,
  • deep cleansing of the skin of the face and the elimination of hyperkeratosis with one of the methods:
    • Enzyme peeling - cleansing with a special enzymatic composition that breaks down dead particles of epithelium and pollution,
    • Disincrustation - galvanic cleaning using special solutions that liquefy old comedones and blackheads,
    • Vaporization is a gentle action of a steam stream of 40-50 C for 20 minutes, which leads to the opening and purification of pores, softening of the dead epithelium,
    • Ultrasonic cleaning - exposure to ultrasonic waves to cleanse desquamated epithelium, gums. Ultrasonic waves also carry out micromassage, activating blood circulation, increasing tone,
    • Instrumental cleaning - cleansing the skin of comedones, black and white eels with the help of tools - Uno spoons, loops, Vidal needles. In rare cases, a special brush is also used, but selectively, in the most clogged areas,
    • Dry cleaning - the use of a gel with glycolic acid, which allows you to remove surface "plugs", tighten pores, normalize the activity of the sebaceous glands,
  • application of ampoules, various serums,
  • gentle facial massage (Jacques, lymphatic drainage),
  • applying a mask that has anti-inflammatory, bactericidal, seboregulatory, keratolytic and immunomodulating effects,
  • applying a special cream.

From hardware cosmetology, darsonvalization, chromotherapy, ultraphonophoresis, non-invasive mesotherapy, mud applications, biorevitalization, laser biostimulation, cryomassage have a good effect. These methods dry the skin, improve microcirculation and tissue nutrition, and also reduce the activity of the sebaceous glands.

At the end of the session, the cosmetologist should advise means and methods for home care and determine the frequency of salon procedures.

Apply preparations containing the following active substances:

  • Azaleic acid - antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and exfoliating effect,
  • Zinc - keratolytic effect,
  • Sulfur - inhibits the secretion of the sebaceous glands,
  • D-Panthenol, dexpanthenol - recovery after physiotherapy, purification, normalization of cell metabolism,
  • Adapalen - prevention of the formation of comedones, anti-inflammatory effect,
  • Benzoyl peroxide - exfoliating effect, promotes cell renewal,
  • Copper - a regulator of the production of sebum,
  • Isotretinoid - breaks down the stratum corneum and inhibits fat synthesis,
  • Bacteriocins and pyocyanins are products of the metabolism of microorganisms that increase the immune properties of the dermis and participate in its regeneration,
  • Vitamins PP and group B - beneficially affect the state of the dermis, blood circulation and fat metabolism.

Oily Skin Characterization

The epidermis is penetrated by sebaceous glands. Their main function is to develop a secret to protect the skin from the negative effects of the environment. In addition, it softens the dermis, making it supple and resilient.

In some people, the sebaceous glands begin to produce more secret than necessary. In this case, the skin quickly becomes oily. This provides her with additional protection against premature aging. But at the same time it provokes the appearance of problems such as acne and greasy shine.

Before you ask yourself how to deal with oily skin, make sure that its type has been determined correctly. To do this, you need to carefully examine the face in search of the following signs:

  1. Shine. Two to three hours after washing, the skin glistens as if it was smeared with a greasy cream or oil.
  2. Large pores are clearly visible. Especially on the nose and forehead.
  3. Imperfect skin microrelief. For example, tuberosity.
  4. Makeup becomes uneven within an hour or two after application.
  5. Black dots.
  6. Purulent acne.

The detection of at least one of the listed signs suggests that the skin is oily. In order to prevent the appearance of imperfections, it is necessary to provide the epidermis with proper care. In addition, it is necessary to determine the cause of increased fat content. This will help find a way to reduce secretion.

Causes of Fat

The main task in the care of oily skin is to prevent its transformation into problematic. Unfortunately, the probability of this is high. Especially at puberty. Therefore, the question of how to deal with oily skin is of interest to almost all of its owners.

Only the dermatologist can correctly determine the causes of increased activity of the sebaceous glands. Do not engage in self-diagnosis, it is better to consult a doctor. The doctor will determine the factors that trigger increased secretion. The main reasons include:

  1. Gastrointestinal tract diseases.
  2. Hormonal disruptions. For example: adolescence, critical days, pregnancy, menopause.
  3. Disorders of the nervous system. Severe stress.
  4. Pathology of the endocrine glands.
  5. Improper nutrition. The abuse of pastries, sweets, junk food. As well as spicy and smoked foods.
  6. Aggressive cleansing using alcohol-containing products. To restore the hydrolipidic barrier, the dermis begins to produce more and more secret.
  7. Improper care. For example, the use of oily and heavy creams.
  8. Season. Heat provokes an increase in secretion and enlargement of pores. Fat is mixed with cosmetics and dust, which increases the likelihood of comedones.

After the doctor determines the cause of increased greasy skin, he will try to eliminate it. If necessary, prescribe treatment. It will also explain how to deal with oily skin with cosmetics and salon treatments.

Basic care principles

Proper care of the epidermis is the basis of his health. Owners of the oily type must from an early age understand the importance of caring for their skin. Neglect of some rules may result in clogging of pores and the appearance of ulcers.

Skin Care Basics:

  1. Cleansing. Owners of oily skin can not ignore this stage. It is necessary to wash twice a day with foam or gel, which does not contain oil. In addition, enzymatic powder is suitable for cleansing. The composition of the funds may include acids. For example, salicylic. Water should be warm or cool, as hot irritates the skin and stimulates the production of sebum.
  2. After washing your face you need to get wet with a towel or paper towel. You can not rub the skin.
  3. Use tonic. This product contains self-regulating and sedative components.
  4. Choose a light, non-comedogenic, water-based cream.
  5. Use masks that promote the absorption of sebum at least twice a week.
  6. Use matting wipes throughout the day.
  7. Visit the beautician regularly. If necessary, the specialist will make adjustments to the home care system. In addition, it will tell you how to deal with oily skin with the help of salon procedures.


The means for washing, if it is selected correctly, helps to relieve the face of numerous problems.It cleanses pores, relieves inflammation and removes dead cells. In addition, it mattifies. Among the many cleansers for oily skin, the following can be distinguished:

  • Cream gel Clearasil 3 in 1. The product contains salicylic acid. Effectively removes dirt and grease, does not dry out the skin. In addition, it disinfects the epidermis and destroys harmful bacteria.
  • Vichy Normaderm. Cleansing gel contains zinc, salicylic acid, copper and probiotic bifiddus. This product is suitable even for sensitive skin. Completely removes dirt and sebum.
  • Nivea Pure effec. The gel contains magnolia extract. The product warms the skin, helping to exit the pores of the sebaceous plugs. It cleans and mattifies well.
  • Propeller IMMUNO. The gel dries pustules well, therefore it is recommended for oily problem skin. For people with sensitive epidermis, this remedy will not work. The IMMUNO propeller can cause dryness.
  • La Roche-Posay Effaclar Gel Mousse. The product does not contain alcohol, dyes or soap. The gel gently affects the skin, cleansing it of impurities.
  • "Garnier Pure Skin Asset." The gel contains salicylic acid and charcoal. It cleans pores and dries abscesses well. The gel is economical and foams well.
  • L'Oreal Men Expert Pure Power. This unique tool is the answer to the question of how to deal with oily skin for a man. The gel contains menthol, salicylic acid and charcoal. It will eliminate black dots, irregularities of the microrelief, comedones and oily sheen. In addition, it makes invisible marks from acne.

  • "Clean line". Cleansing gel contains decoctions of herbs and aloe vera extract. It contributes to the normalization of the sebaceous glands, cleanses and mattifies the skin.
  • Avene Gel Eau Thermale Cleanance. The product is 49% composed of thermal water. It also contains zinc gluconate, cetrimonium bromide, and pumpkin extract. The gel reduces secretion, cleanses well and does not dry the skin.

Cleansing masks

Facial masks, unlike facial cleansers, are capable of cleansing the skin deeper. In addition, they saturate the epidermis with useful substances and heal it. Properly selected product can transform the skin.

Masks have an antibacterial effect, reduce secretion, cleanse pores. In addition, they improve blood circulation to tissues, which positively affects skin color. Therefore, it is masks that help fight oily skin of both the face and the whole body.

People with problematic dermis should pay attention to such products:

  • Mineral mask with two kinds of clay from Vichy. In addition, it contains thermal water, allantoin and aloe vera extract. Cleans and tightens pores, eliminates oily sheen.
  • La Roche-Posay Effaclar mask. This product contains panthenol and two types of clay. The mask controls the appearance of shine and cleanses the pores of dirt.
  • Bioderma Sebium Masque Sebo-Regulating Purifying. The product contains antibacterial components and kaolin. After the first use of the mask, the skin becomes dull, becomes smoother and softer.
  • Avene Cleanance Mask. The composition of this product is thermal water, exfoliating particles, AHA and BHA acids. The mask regulates oiliness, soothes the skin, restores its radiance.
  • Clay Magic by L'Oreal. The mask provides skin cleansing, moisturizing and matting. It tightens pores.

Matting creams

Daily skin care is not possible without the use of a cream. It is also necessary for the fatty type of epidermis. The composition of this care product should include components that reduce fat and redness. And also moisturize, destroy the bacterial flora and protect against the negative effects of the environment.

A dermatologist can tell you how to deal with very oily skin with a cream. He will choose the right product that can heal the dermis. It is recommended to buy such funds in a pharmacy. Healing creams are more effective and safer than regular cosmetic creams.

Most often, dermatologists are advised to use the following products:

  • Vichy Normaderm. This cream is suitable for treating problem skin at any age. Contains glycolic and salicylic acid. As well as thermal water. The cream moisturizes, tightens pores, eliminates inflammation and controls oily sheen.

  • La Roche-Posay Effaclar MAT. The cream instantly mattifies and narrows the pores. Does not leave a greasy film on the skin.
  • Avene Cleanance Mat. Moisturizes and mattifies the skin at the same time. The cream contains absorbent microcapsules that absorb excess fat.
  • Bioderma Sebium Mat Control. The composition of this tool includes vitamin B6 and zinc. The cream provides a dull skin for eight hours. Sebium Mat prevents clogging and moisturizes the skin.
  • Vichy Homme. Anti-greasy fluid for men. It freshens the skin well, tightens pores, improves microrelief and moisturizes.

Shampoos for oily skin

The increased work of the sebaceous glands causes oily skin not only on the face, but also on the head. This negatively affects the condition of the hair. Curls quickly become dirty and lose volume.

Trichologists know best how to deal with oily scalp. They recommend using special shampoos for washing. The following products have proven themselves well:

  • L'Oreal Professionnel Pure Resource Shampoo. Cleanses sebum, dust and styling products. Gives hair shine and elasticity.
  • Bioderma Node. Contains salicylic acid and juniper extract. Shampoo removes dead flakes, grease and dust. Does not upset the hydrolipidic balance. Increases the volume of curls.

  • Green Mama. Shampoo contains currant and nettle extract. It cleanses hair well, stimulates blood circulation and strengthens bulbs.
  • Clear Men Fat Control. This product is intended for men. Perfectly removes fat, refreshes and protects against dandruff.
  • Nature Siberica Volume and balance. The composition of the shampoo includes extracts of herbs. Restores acid balance, gives freshness and volume.

Salon treatments for oily skin

Sometimes home care is not enough to maintain the ideal condition of oily skin. Despite the many efforts and the right care products, the pores become clogged and acne appears. In this case, you will need to seek help from a cosmetologist and clarify how to deal with very oily skin.

Many cosmetic procedures help to normalize the production of secretions, smooth out the microrelief, cleanse and narrow the pores. Most often, dermatologists recommend:

  1. Manual or ultrasonic cleaning. Many experts prefer to combine these procedures. Facial cleansing helps to unlock and narrow pores. After the procedure, the secretion is normalized.
  2. Superficial peeling. Removes dead cells, cleans pores, improves complexion and microrelief.
  3. Bio-cybernetic therapy. It removes toxins and toxins, heals the sebaceous glands.
  4. Mesotherapy The targeted administration of special medications eliminates inflammation, narrows the pores and gives the skin a dull appearance.
  5. Cryotherapy The pores narrow and the inflammations dry out under the action of liquid nitrogen.

Oral preparations

Therapeutic creams and salon treatments help normalize oily skin. But we must not forget that the internal state of the body also affects the epidermis. Many vitamins and pharmaceutical preparations are capable of raising immunity, restoring the functioning of the sebaceous glands and protecting the skin from the effects of microbes. They should be bought after consultation with a doctor.

The following drugs are suitable for the treatment of oily problem skin:

  • Doppel Herz Anti Acne. The complex contains yeast, zinc, silicon and biotin. These substances normalize the metabolism, relieve inflammation and prevent the appearance of comedones.
  • Zincteral. Taking the drug prevents the appearance of acne.
  • Enterosgel. The drug is a detoxifier. It removes toxins and toxic substances from the body. This has a positive effect on the condition of the skin.
  • Oral contraceptives. These drugs should be selected together with the gynecologist.

Traditional medicine recipes

Many people prefer to use only natural products in the fight against oily skin. Traditional medicine offers its own methods of treatment. Oily skin on the face and acne can be healed with home masks.

A positive effect is demonstrated by such formulations:

  • Beat egg white and add 10 ml of lemon juice to it. The mixture is applied to clean skin and washed off after 15 minutes.
  • Dilute twenty grams of pressed yeast with a little lemon juice. The mask can be applied pointwise to problem areas or completely over the entire face. Wash off after 15 minutes.
  • A tablespoon of white or blue clay is mixed with 20 ml of low-fat kefir or yogurt without additives. Keep the mixture on your face for no longer than 10 minutes.


Treatment of oily porous skin is time consuming and expensive. Therefore, prevention is of great importance. Compliance with the following rules will help keep your skin healthy and prevent the development of inflammation:

  1. Regular care
  2. Normalization of nutrition. Eating whole foods.
  3. Timely treatment of endocrine disorders.
  4. Physical activity and regular walks in the fresh air.
  5. Compliance with the drinking regime.
  6. Full sleep.
  7. A regular visit to a dermatologist.
  8. Rejection of bad habits.