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How to learn scales on the guitar


Unlike other musical instruments on a guitar, you can get the same sound on different strings. Thanks to this feature, tuning the guitar is possible without a tuner, but only on one string, under which the rest adjust. Gammas and chords on the guitar can be played in several positions. Having learned them, you will well understand the location of the notes and focus on the fretboard.

Chromatic scale

To begin with, consider the chromatic range, it is well suited for heating. Gamma is a sound series that can be obtained by playing all notes in a row. It consists of all possible notes within one octave. If you play the sixth string, the chromatic scale on the guitar begins with the notes mi - this is an open string. Next will be the fa. With an upward movement, we fall into the f-sharp, that is, in the interval between notes, which is indicated by a sharp. If you continue to play further, the next will be salt, then la, a-sharp and si. There is no sharp above C, so let's move on to the next letter note - do. The interval between s and d is half a ton. Then comes the sharp sharp, then re sharp. One step remains, and we return to mi, which is an octave above the open string mi. When playing on a downward note (between the designated letters) they have a flat sign. That is, if you start playing the scale on the guitar from the E note, then the first note down will be E-flat, the next - D, then D-flat, C, B, B-flat, A, A-flat, salt, G-flat, half a tone down, and after it we will return to mi an octave below the note we started with.

4 Ways to Learn Guitar Notes

Posted on 12/24/2009 by sMiles

Recently we have already discussed the topic of why it is worth paying special attention to studying the location of notes on the guitar neck. If you already agree with the importance of this lesson, I would like to suggest several ways to study the bar as efficiently as possible.

A guitar, unlike a piano or accordion, allows you to play the same notes on different strings in different positions, for some, the difference in the sound of these notes may not seem significant, but, for example, Eric Johnson doesn’t use pentatonics in most of his solos very comfortable positions, all because at his ear the notes in these fingering sound better.

This, of course, is a subjective opinion, but it's still worth knowing how to play the same phrase in different places on the neck. To do this, you first need to study the location of the notes on the fretboard. To remember where and which note is located, think about the formula for the major scale C, namely the notes from this scale (there are no alteration marks in scale C major, therefore we will use it precisely) we will initially represent on the neck.

Print the neck and hang it before your eyes, so as to constantly pay attention to it, or place this picture on the desktop of your computer.

Learn intervals and their location on the bar. There is a certain fingering for each interval, this is a little trick that many guitarists use. When it is required to construct an interval from a note, there is no need to calculate how many half-tones between notes, it is enough to recall the shape of this interval. There is a great exercise to remember the shapes of the various intervals. the usual major scale will help us. Within the gamut, you need to play the desired interval sequentially from each note. Engage in this exercise at least once a week and your knowledge in the field of intervals will reach a higher level.

Proper use of intervals can beautify any solo or song. First, attention should be paid to the intervals: major and minor third, sixth large and small, quart and fifth. And of course, all the remaining ones, including octaves. Read more about the intervals here. Or you can find a little exercise in this lesson.

After you work out the various intervals well, turn all your attention to guitar chords. Knowing the structure of chords and their appeals will allow you to take a fresh look at the fretboard. Now you will begin to see a bunch of chord sequences in different positions on the fretboard.

CAGED chord shapes help you to master the fretboard quite effectively. When you remember the chord fingering, you can subsequently easily navigate within the framework of the chord notes in the desired position of the neck.

There are many books that can help in the study of chords for the guitar, I would recommend paying attention to the book Igor Boyko. The basics of chord technique

Gammas is one of the best ways to master the fretboard, so devote enough time to performing scales and sequences based on them, the result will not be long in coming

But the main thing is not to stop developing the neck. Every day, studying a new phrase or chord, filming someone else's song, you master the vulture. Gradually, playing in certain positions, a feeling of comfort will develop, so you should engage in those positions in which you are not comfortable playing.

Remember that you can practice your guitar without even having a guitar at hand. It is enough to simply present the notes on the fretboard, or if possible, you can draw a fingerboard and put down notes of the scale in C major or some chord.

So, let's repeat our 4 ways, this is:

There are still enough methods for studying the neck, try these, and if you know any of your own, write in the comments and discuss with pleasure.

Gamma on the guitar - what is it?

Gamma - This is a sequence of seven consecutive notes that make up a key or a certain mood. The notes inside these structures are always combined with each other, and when placed correctly, they make harmonic intervals or chords, which just consists of music and works. This article is dedicated to this aspect. Here you will find a complete explanation of what scales are and how to compose them yourself.

What are the scales for the guitarist for?

In fact, knowledge of gamut is essential for every musician. They will give the guitarist tremendous scope for improvisation and composing both riffs and solo parts. Without them, you will not be able to come up with a beautiful part that will sound as harmonious as possible inside the composition, or even build its skeleton. In addition, they will be useful for the arranger, who needs to compose parts for different instruments.

Knowing the scales, any guitarist can immediately improvise and understand what it is for him to play right now. This is useful on group jams, from which new songs may come out. In addition, without scales you will not understand how to build chords, and you will not be able to diversify your acoustic compositions.

What gamma to learn first?

The simple answer to this question is all. Thus, you will not only memorize the sounds that enter the key, but also learn the location of the notes on the fretboard. However, the easiest way to start is with the scale in C major or A minor. The reason is that all the notes included in them are not intermediate. Having learned their location, you can easily find notes of sharp or flat notes that are part of other keys.

Besides, and this will be discussed below, you should pay attention to the so-called guitar boxes - if you learn them, then the further development of scales will be much easier than it could be.

How to remember the sequence of notes?

When analyzing the chromatic scale on a single string, use the halftone pie chart to understand the sequence of notes in upward and downward movement. But the chart is not always at hand, so try to remember that between the notes of mi and falton, as well as between s and to. When moving up, from all other notes, there will be a sharp. When moving down, after each note, there will be a flat (E-flat, D, D-Flat, C). Then half a tone to B, then B flat. Now you know the principle of gamma construction. Fortunately, there are 6 strings on the guitar, so you don’t have to play melodies on just one string. There are five more to play in the position.

The value of gamma for the performer

As mentioned above, the scales allow you to freely improvise inside any of the keys. This is especially convenient if you suddenly stumble on stage during the performance of a song and cannot find the desired fragment of your solo. Knowing the scales you, instead of stalling, just start playing something else, and return to the desired section.

In addition, it often happens that the composition is modified within the performance. You can play more squares of the song on emotions than necessary, and then it will be much easier for you to fill this space with modulations and solos.

Varieties of Gammas

Gammas come in two types - major and minor. There are twenty-four of them, according to the number of all existing keys, but there is one feature that will make it easier for you to learn them. The fact is that the gamma, which is included in the major key, is also present in the minor minor, and vice versa. Thus, in fact you only need to remember which keys are parallel to each other, and learn twelve scales.

By themselves, these boxes can be sharp and flat - if inside them there are, respectively, notes with these signs. In addition, there is a special subspecies - chromatic scale, in which each note entering the key increases by half a tone, with the exception of one.

Major scales

Major scales set the key and are used to build melodies. A sequence of notes in the same gamut is called harmony. Starting with a whole tone and continuing with another tone, semitone, then three whole tones and a semitone, you will return to the same note with which you started, but an octave higher. That is, go through 12 semitones. A halftone corresponds to one fret, and a whole tone equals two frets. Their sequence creates a major scale, which is the basis for many popular melodies and folk songs. Learning the basics of guitar guitar for beginners may seem like a daunting task, but it's one of the basics of building music. Therefore, it is so important to remember the sequence of tones and midtones. A major feature of major scales is that they can be moved around the fingerboard and the intervals will remain regardless of which note to start with.

Construction theory

Major scale is built according to the following principle:

Tonic - Tone - Tone - Halftone - Tone - Tone - Tone - Halftone. This is the most standard scheme from which all musicians repel.

The minor scale is constructed as follows:

Tonic - Tone - Halftone - Tone - Tone - Halftone - Tone - Tone.

The chromatic scale is repelled by this scheme, and increases all notes by half a tone, except for the sixth step, instead of which the seventh decreases if we are talking about major, or with the exception of the first, instead of which the second decreases if we are talking about minor. It should be borne in mind that we complete an additional semitone to each note, and do not change it to a sharp or flat one.

Besides, if in the minor between the last two tones you also insert a semitone, you get the so-called harmonic gamma. The same applies to major, but if a half-tone is inserted between the fifth and sixth steps. This gives the sound an oriental touch.

Gamma in C Major

You can play from sheet music up to the third fret of the fifth string in the same sequence: a whole tone, a whole tone, a semitone, 3 tones and another semitone. You get the gamma in C major on the guitar. It is structured like this: do, tone to re, tone to mi, half tone to fa, tone to salt, tone to la, tone to s, half tone to note do, it is an octave higher than the initial note. Once again: do, re, mi, fa, salt, la, si, do. When we change the starting note, we get a different sequence. Since we started playing from sheet music to and went through the musical alphabet to the next to. Neither sharps nor flats met us on the way. All notes were alphabetic. Fingerings depicting the position of the fingers on the fingerboard are a kind of tabs for scales on the guitar. Due to the fact that the guitar has six strings, you can play in different positions and do not need to move around the string to play the melody.

Gamma in C major in the first position looks like this:

  • we start from the note to on the 3rd fret of the 5th string,
  • open 4th string - re, mi, fa, salt, la, si,
  • back to the note before, an octave higher than the initial.

Every time you practice, play both an ascending and descending sequence. Now play the downward gamut:

  • up, open 2nd string,
  • la open 3rd string,
  • fa, mi, open 4th string,
  • back to note up.

Beginners, who are just starting to learn how to play the guitar, often ask themselves: “Why learn scales?” The answer is simple: they are useful for honing the technique and increasing the speed of the game. This practice helps to develop hearing, remember where specific notes are located on the fretboard and how they relate to each other. Learning the gamut on the guitar is a great exercise to warm up and consolidate basic knowledge. If you want to do improvisation or play solo, this will help you better orient yourself on the fretboard. Be sure to get a metronome and train with it to learn how to feel the rhythm.

Fingering gamma guitar

You can play the scale on the guitar both on one string and on the entire fretboard. In the first case, you simply move from the first or zero fret to the twelfth, if we are talking about C major or A minor, or from any other until the moment you pass a full octave.

However, it is much easier and more beneficial to play scales with the so-called boxes. Then you will know which string is located, which note, and you can much more easily improvise and build new scales in the future on your own.

How to play scales on a guitar

The most important thing is to play under the metronome. You are required to clearly set accents while playing a strong beat in order to better feel the rhythm. Another good option would be to play and record riffs inside the key, and then play scales for them. Thus, you can freely improvise and learn to play solo parts already, and not just play individual boxes.

In addition, try playing gammas with duoles, trioli and other rhythmic patterns. That is, for one hit of the metronome you need to play a note twice, three, or more. This greatly accelerates the hand and teaches you to get used to odd and broken sizes.

Gamma boxes - what is it

In fact, boxes - these are stable positions or patterns that form a gamut. They include all the strings, not just one, and vary slightly depending on your position on the fretboard. In addition, this also includes the classical modes, which originate from Greek music. If you do not want to delve into the theory and learn how to construct gammas, then the frets will help you memorize them anyway.

Positions of scales on a guitar. How many and what are?

Gamma positions are also divided into major and minor. There are five in total, and they move in the fingerboard, depending on the key in which you play. Therefore, for a comfortable game, you just need to learn five boxes in C major, and move them down the fingerboard, based on the key inside the song.

Beginner Guitar Gamma Examples

This section includes examples of scales and fingerings for them. This was done primarily for beginner guitarists so that they look and get comfortable - find the necessary boxes on the neck and understand in practice what it is.

Gamma Tabs GTP

In this section you will find tabs for different types of scales, many of them are exercises and different variations in the performance of standard scales. However, we emphasize once again that it is easiest to learn boxes, and remember which one starts from which fret. After that, in fact, you will learn all the scales, you just have to move them down the bar.

  1. Algerian Traditional Music Scales.gp4 - Download (6 Kb)
  2. Hromaticheskaya_gamma_oktavyi.gp5 - Download (2 Kb)
  3. Major Scale Positions.gp3 - Download (9 Kb)
  4. Scales and Arpeggios - B SCALES.gp3 - Download (1 Kb)
  5. Scales and Arpeggios - C SCALES.gp3 - Download (1 Kb)
  6. Scales and Arpeggios - D SCALES.gp3 - Download (1 Kb)
  7. Scales and Arpeggios - E Aeolian.gp3 - Download (1 Kb)
  8. Scales and Arpeggios - E SCALES.gp3 - Download (1 Kb)
  9. Scales and Arpeggios - Gb-F # .gp3 - Download (1 Kb)
  10. Scales and Arpeggios - Lots Of Scales in C.gp3 - Download (2 Kb)
  11. Scales and Arpeggios - Modes.gp3 - Download (2 Kb)
  12. Scales and Arpeggios - Scales of all kind.gp3 - Download (6 Kb)
  13. Scales and Arpeggios - Scales.gp3 - Download (5 Kb)
  14. Scales and Arpeggios - Thirds Exercise.gp3 - Download (2 Kb)
  15. Scales and Arpeggios - Various Warm.gp4 - Download (5 Kb)

4 Replies to “Guitar Gamma for Beginners. How to play scales and what are they for? ”

Good afternoon!
Question: in the paragraph “Gamma boxes - what is it” under the phrase “G major gamma boxes (C major)” under number 1 there is the same scheme, which is tabulated below, as “Gamma A minor”. Why?

Hello, Alexander. The scales in C major and A minor are parallel keys, therefore they have the same fingerings. Also, for example, we can give other parallel scales, which also have the same fingerings in F major - D minor, G major - E minor, etc.

In fact, when studying gamma you need to learn it in minor or major, because in a parallel tonality it will be fulfilled, it will be exactly the same. Only tonics will be different.

Deception, nikerta is no easier than on the piano. The piano is immediately understandable, but here you need to think more.

Watching which side to look at. If playing the scales on the piano seems easier for you, then you can’t argue. So it is.

Convenience and simplicity are emphasized in the article by remembering the boxes. The fact is that if you know one of the boxes of the C major scale on the guitar, then rearrange this position 2 frets ahead and you will get the G major scale with the same fingering, rearrange the position 1 fret back and you get the C major scale .