**Ruler** is one of the most common measurement tools. It comes in various shapes and sizes, depending on which measurements it is used for. **Meter** Is a long ruler (1 meter long), and **measuring tape** is another type of ruler made from flexible material or metal tape. All of them may look different, but used primarily for one. Rulers and other measuring instruments come in both standard and metric units. It is important to know the difference between these types of measurements. This article discusses ruler types and similar measuring tools, how to read measurements and how to use a ruler.

## Correct form

Instead of long obsolete thin “eyebrows”, broad fluffy forms came. Now the beauties do not seek to pluck their eyebrows, remove only a small amount of excess hair. The main procedures for makeup and eyebrow correction are: the selection of the correct shape, giving volume, coloring in the right color.

## Care products

The arsenal of eyebrow care products is impressive. Recently, new products are constantly appearing on the cosmetics market, which is impossible to keep track of, without being a professional.

For example, for the care of eyebrows, the beauty industry suggests using the following tools:

- pencil,
- the shadows
- brush
- tweezers,
- brush,
- gel for fixing the result,
- gel with fibers for building,
- henna for coloring,
- corrector,
- sweets
- rulers and stencils for painting.

For all these tools, you need at least a separate cosmetic bag, and how to use them correctly - you won’t get it without instructions and tips.

Many women are interested in the question: what is a ruler for eyebrows and how to use it correctly?

## Rulers and stencils for shaping eyebrows

One of the modern "gadgets" are a variety of rulers and stencils for eyebrows.

The ruler is a plate with a zero mark in the center and divisions (price 1 mm) on the right and left sides.

How to make the shape of the eyebrow with a ruler, we will describe below. This device is used for correction, makeup, permanent makeup and dyeing eyebrows. Using a ruler, it is convenient to observe symmetry, take into account the proportions and features of the face.

An eyebrow stencil is a plastic plate on which a life-size eyebrow shape is cut out to transfer it to the face using cosmetics.

The stencil is simply applied to the eyebrow and fill the space with a pencil or shadows.

## Types of Rulers

The following types of rulers for eyebrows can be distinguished:

- Reusable plastic. When using this ruler, previously fixed marks can be applied. No additional costs for the purchase of a new device. How to use a ruler for reusable eyebrows, in the salons of the master is well aware. Of course, this requires sterilization.
- Disposable rulers. Such a "gadget" is used in salons. After you make the shape of the eyebrows with a ruler, you can simply throw it away. In addition, the devices are convenient in that they are most often made on a sticky basis, therefore it is convenient to fix them on the face. But when choosing such rulers, one must take into account that their use will cost more than reusable ones.
- Direct. Without grooves and rounding. This is the usual line for modeling eyebrows. How to use it, professionals know.
- For beginners, rulers with arched cuts under the eyebrow and a recess in the middle are more suitable.
- Rulers with a cutout in the middle. With their help, it is more convenient to find the middle of the eyebrow.

## Types of stencils

A separate line stands out the stencil line for eyebrows. How to use such a device? The main thing is to choose the right form.

The following types of stencils are distinguished:

- Reusable and disposable. The advantages and disadvantages are the same as the rulers.
- Single Such a stencil must be held by hand. It can even be done on its own.
- Self-adhesive, immediately on both eyebrows. It is convenient in that it does not need to be held, but it happens that it is not suitable for a certain oval of the face.
- Fastened to the head with a strap.
- In the form of a stamp. Sold in sets along with eyebrow shadows, just dunk this device in the shade and push it on the eyebrow. The main thing is to choose the correct form of the stencil and the place of the stamp.

## The Law of the Golden Ratio

Since ancient times, the golden ratio law discovered by Fibonacci has been known. It consists in observing ideal proportions. All wildlife and even the Galaxy obey this law.

People have been using it for a long time in life: the most famous architectural structures, famous paintings, even Pushkin’s poems obey the "golden" rules.

The human body is also arranged according to the rules of the golden section. For example:

- body length from shoulders to the top of the head / size of the head itself is 1: 1.618,
- the lengths from the navel to the crown of the head / from the shoulders to the crown are 1: 1.618.

Of course, a man could not use such a law for his beauty.

Stephen Marquardt took into account all the facial relationships and calculated the "mask of beauty." The mask is a 3D model consisting of intersecting lines (sides of pentagons). The features of the most beautiful famous faces of the world correspond to this model (for example, Marilyn Monroe).

Makeup artists respecting themselves and their clients use these ratios when doing makeup. So, for example, the ideal shape of the nose should be equal to the distance from the hairline to the eyebrow line, from the eyebrow to the line mentally drawn under the nose.

## Eyebrow Shaping Rules

When correcting the shape of eyebrows, the following rules are used:

- First of all, you need to find the starting point of a perfect eyebrow. To do this, draw a vertical mental line from the cavity above the wing of the nose to the intersection with the brow arc.
- The next step will be to find a broken eyebrow. To do this, draw a visual line passing through the points of the outer edges of the nostrils and iris to the intersection with the eyebrow.
- After that, you need to find the end point of the eyebrow. To do this, you need to draw a mental line passing through the edge of the nostril and the outer corner of the eye to the intersection with the eyebrow.

In order to make it more convenient to find these points, it is better to use some long object, for example, a brush or a ruler for eyebrows, applying them to the indicated points.

The question arises: how to use the ruler for eyebrows when correcting them?

## How to use an eyebrow ruler

If you pick up an eyebrow ruler, you may not immediately understand what you need to do with it.

How to use the eyebrow ruler step by step:

- First you need to look at your eyebrows, usually they are slightly asymmetric, you need to choose an eyebrow of a more regular shape. Often right-handed people are left-handed.
- Then you should find the three points for forming the correct shape, indicated above, and mark them with a pencil on the bottom of the eyebrow.
- Find the middle of the face at a point above the bridge of the nose between the eyebrows. Mark with a special white (or other color) pencil and align it with the middle of the ruler.
- After that, the marks of three points, for example, on the left eyebrow, should be transferred to the ruler with a pencil.
- Now we can mark three points on the right side of the ruler, symmetrically to the left, taking into account the marking of the ruler and not resorting to finding points using mental lines.
- Move points from the ruler to the right eyebrow.
- Now you need to draw the bottom line, connecting the dots, then the top, according to the eyebrow pattern. Outline the entire contour (the shape of the eyebrow can also be drawn using a stencil).
- If you are doing makeup, you can fill in the eyebrow space with a pencil, eye shadow, or other means.
- If you decide to color the eyebrows with henna or paint, the space around them must be filled with greasy cream or a special white marker, and then staining (this can also be done using a stencil).
- After the makeup or painting of both eyebrows is finished, attach the ruler to the start points, then to the end points and check if they are on the same line, if something needs to be fixed.
- If you used your ruler at home, then you do not need to erase the marks on it, the next time it will be easy to adjust the eyebrows at the fixed points.

## How to use an eyebrow stencil

In order to use the eyebrow stencil, you must first clean them. If you are going to stain with henna, it is better to make a scrub on their area before doing this.

- After cleaning, mark at least one of the three points necessary for correction on the eyebrows, and preferably two (start and end).
- Then attach the stencil, combining it with the intended points.
- After that, you can fill the space with a cosmetic product.

When using a stencil, it will also be nice to use a ruler.

## Customer Reviews on the Eyebrow Lineup

In the modern world almost every day there are new products, gadgets, various devices. The beauty industry was no exception - new cosmetics and special makeup products flooded the trading floors. Not all of these products find their buyer. Users consider some new devices useless and unnecessary, which cannot be said about eyebrow rulers. Such devices first took root in the tattoo parlors of both professional “eyebrows” and makeup artists, and then migrated to cosmetic bags of fashionistas, who were very pleased with them. Sales volumes of such rulers and stencils are constantly growing, an increasing number of women and young girls decide to acquire this tool.

Judging by the reviews, the beauties who purchased these gadgets mostly remain very pleased with them and quickly learn how to use the eyebrow ruler.

Each representative of the fair sex herself chooses: to adjust the shape of the eyebrows in the salon or do it yourself. But if you decide to do the correction at home, then you definitely need to learn how to use the ruler for eyebrows. Then over time, your eyebrows will always look like after a visit to the salon.

## Ruler. Ruler skills

**Ruler, ruler skills**

**and measuring distances with it**

**Hello dear parents!**

How are your successes in the development of fine motor skills of the child’s hand, in strengthening the muscles of his fingers?

I hope you love your child, and therefore give him a good intellectual, mental and physical education.

Let's teach your child to use the ruler!

Explain that * the ruler is a mathematical device for drawing a straight line and measuring small distances*.

Teach your child to use the ruler.

Show the ruler. Well, if you have a ruler made of various materials - wood, plastic, steel, etc. It does not matter if there is only one ruler. Just say that there are lines of different materials.

Suppose you have a wooden ruler.

Explain that outwardly the ruler is a thin (not curvy) strip of wood that is marked with divisions and numbers.

Show it, let it feel, show the divisions and say that they are needed to measure the distance.

Read the numbers and numbers written on the ruler with your child.

Say no numbers are skipped.

Pay attention to the child that a large dash is drawn near each number and the distances between the large dashes (and therefore between the numbers) are equal.

Explain that the distance between each number from one large division to another is called **centimeter**.

A centimeter has the same length always on any ruler and does not depend on the size of the ruler - large or small. If you have several rulers, prove it to the child by laying one ruler on another and let him see that the big dashes coincide, which means that centimeters are equal on any ruler. Say that all over the world a centimeter has the same length.

Now teach **use the ruler**.

## Ruler distance measurement

To do this, put on the notebook sheet two dots.

Put the ruler on the notebook and slide it so that the large dash on it, standing near 0, coincides with the point on the notebook. Now the line is compatible with the second point. The number on the ruler, standing near the second point, will show the distance between the points. For example, 7 centimeters.

Train your child to measure distance. Set the points so that the distance is measured as an integer number of centimeters.

After a day or two, explain that a slightly smaller dash in the middle of a centimeter measures half of it, and a little later tell that very small dashes measure millimeters and the distance between them is called a millimeter.

Count how many millimeters in one centimeter - ten.

- And in half a centimeter?

### Draw a straight line and a line

Put the ruler on a sheet of paper with the side up and hold it with your left hand (or with your right if the child is left-handed).

Place the pencil vertically to the ruler and draw a line, holding the pencil in the same vertical position without taking it from the ruler.

Do not press hard on the stylus, otherwise it will break or tear the paper.

Explain all this to your child.

After drawing a line, tear the pencil from the paper and ruler and remove the ruler.

Got a straight line.

Teach your child to draw a straight line.

**Attention.**

**1) The pencil should always be sharpened!**

**2) The sharpened sharp end of the pencil should always be kept**

Constantly pay attention to this safety precaution and **don't leave** him **one while plotting.**

It's time to teach a child * connect two points by a straight line segment* on paper.

To do this, put the pencil vertically to the left point (or to the right if the child is left-handed).

From the bottom to the pencil, substitute the ruler closely with the ragged side and turn the other end of the ruler so that it approaches the second point. As soon as the ruler is aligned with the second point, you need to draw a straight line along the ruler with a pencil (as we just learned) to the second point (do not lead further than the second point).

Tear the pencil from the paper, remove the ruler.

We connected two points.

Got * section*, because our line is limited on two sides by points, it does not go beyond these points.

Means **a segment is a part of a straight line bounded by dots on both sides.**

**HOMEWORK FOR PARENTS:**

1) do not forget to engage in the previous material studied,

2) The child must know:

a) what is the ruler for,

b) what is the distance between two adjacent long

dashes on the ruler (between two adjacent numbers),

c) what is the distance between two neighboring

little dashes on the line

d) be able to comment on the procedure for their actions in determining

distance between points

d) be able to comment on the procedure for their drawing

straight line and cut. Therefore, he must always speak

**Take care and love your children!**

**Good luck in the classroom.**