Used materials from various forums and sites about animals.
I want to tame a stray animal. How to do it?
Answer. There are many homeless animals around us, and you will do a good deed if you shelter such a poor fellow.
The taming process in animals is easiest at a young age. When kittens and puppies open their eyes completely, an intensive process of cognition of the surrounding world begins, which lasts on average up to 14 weeks of age. This period is very important, socialization takes place in it, the kids actively absorb the information obtained through the senses, sometimes this time is called the period of susceptibility. For example, a puppy who grew up from 2 to 13 weeks only with kittens does not recognize dogs for animals of his own species and prefers cat society. In my practice, a cat, picked up on the street very tiny and raised by a good housewife, at the age of two years at the sight of a peaceful relative began to scream panicky, and then for several hours could not calm down. Not surprisingly, it will be very difficult for a dog and cat up to 14 weeks of age not in contact with people to get used to human society. Therefore, it is easiest to tame a homeless puppy or kitten before the age of 14 weeks. But this does not mean that older animals need your help and love less.
Dogs are animals forming stable groups with a developed hierarchy. To tame an adult street dog, you need to become a member of the new pack, where you are a wise leader. Each adult animal from the street has its own difficult history, it was starving, faced with cruelty, so the main behavioral problems in former homeless animals are fear and aggression caused by fear. To form a relationship between animal and human, the following must be observed:
1 avoid frightening animal situations,
2 do not use physical punishment, this will lead to a deterioration in the mental state of the dog,
3 do not drive the terrified pet from the place where he is hiding,
4 if the animal could not be persuaded to leave the secluded place, even having offered food, leave cups with food and water nearby, go about your business,
5 give the dog the opportunity to determine the pace of interaction with you, keep calm,
6 encourage the animal every time it shows no signs of fear or aggression,
7 do not reassure the pet if he is annoyed or scared,
8 if the dog looks around, often breathing heavily, trembling, he has salivation and dilated pupils, that means he is afraid, do not pay attention to him until you calm down,
9 teach the dog to sit down on command for a reward dainty, use this technique when it is necessary to relieve stress,
10 if possible, then establish contact with the future pet outside the house and then bring it to your home,
11 it is advisable to carry out acquaintance with the house in several stages, each time increasing the time spent in a new place,
12 gradually begin to familiarize the pet with the rules of behavior in the house, with other animals,
13 after consultation with a veterinarian, if necessary, use anti-anxiety drugs.
All these tips can be adapted for cats, with the difference that for them more important is the ability to determine the pace of interaction with the new owner.
A huge role in the life of tetrapods is played by the sense of smell. Therefore, you can apply a new modern way to stabilize the mental state of animals - special pheromones (smells), which have a strong influence on behavior.
The process of taming can last from two weeks to two months, depending on age, type of higher nervous activity of the animal and the degree of change in the environment. Sometimes it is not possible to tame a pet at all. For any animal, a change in status from a homeless person to a home one or vice versa, from a landlord to a street one is very stressful. Change of ownership and place of residence also adversely affect the condition of the animal.
How is a wild cat different from a stray cat?
A stray cat is a living creature that the former owners drove into the street, which is not uncommon today. Surely, now it’s hard for her to survive, but perhaps she once had a house, which means that she once communicated with people.
Wild cats also live on the street, but their main difference is that they never lived with people.
Both stray and wild cats can live alone or be part of a pack. They hunt and get food wherever they can. Since wild cats have never been in contact with humans, they can be completely unsociable and stay away from humans. They may well be sick, for example, with worms, and almost certainly with fleas. And that means they can put your pets at risk.
As a rule, it is impossible to tame a wild cat, but after some time, as well as with regular plentiful feeding, it can become more or less friendly. If you continue to feed such a cat, then, of course, she will come back to you again and again, but this still does not mean that she will welcome increased attention to herself on your part.
What to do with a wild cat?
The first step is to contact your local shelter or animal protection volunteers for help, they can give practical advice. Most likely, such a cat will need sterilization or castration, followed by return to its usual habitat.
Such a cat must first be caught in a cage, for example, using bait. Then it must be shown to a veterinarian who helps to calm the animal, check for the presence of a microchip under the skin (this will help to find the owner in a single database - suddenly she has one), assess the health status, and also cure worms and fleas. Next, the wild animal is sterilized or neutered. If the hair is very tangled and infected with fleas, then, as a rule, such a cat is shaved.
Usually, the taming of a wild cat fails, because they are not used to human communication and are unlikely to ever become as obedient and friendly as domestic cats. Perhaps the only exception may be a wild kitten, which is only a few weeks old - then you have a better chance.
But remember, if you nevertheless decided to feed a wild cat, then to some extent you took responsibility for it. If you look from the other side, then there can be some sense from a wild cat, because they are good at catching mice and other pests, and at the same time they need minimal interaction with humans.
It is unlikely that a wild cat will ever cross the threshold of your house, but over time it can gain courage, for example, to sleep somewhere near the porch, barn or utility room. Try putting some kind of lounger for her to make her living environment more comfortable, especially if it is frosty or raining outside.
If you already have a cat or dog in your house, then there may be problems, because your pet may be upset due to the presence of someone else's animal. In turn, a wild cat may not tolerate pets, because of which clashes and fights are possible. In this case, the animals will have to be kept separate from each other. Or, more likely, you will have to relocate the wild cat to another place.
The likelihood of taming a wild cat is almost zero, but the attempt is not torture, you can try, and if everything succeeds, then it can become your favorite companion for many years.
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