Correctly calculating the shooting time is not so simple. Depending on the plot, you need to determine what time of the day the photo shoot will be held. If a public place is chosen, then difficulty in work will arise from passers-by. No matter how you try, strangers will still appear in the frame. In order to simplify your task as much as possible while processing images, you should concentrate on photographing and not think about interference.
Matching clothes and terrain
The choice of clothing should be approached very seriously. Before the photo shoot, you need to discuss the shooting conditions with the model and advise her on the appropriate outfit. When shooting in the field, the girl should not be dressed too lightly, as she can get into thorns and get injured. On the sea beach, covered with large pebbles, high heels are completely unacceptable. In the best case, photos will be corrupted by unnaturally strained leg muscles, in the worst - bruises, dislocations, sprains. When shooting away from the city, it is best to take a first aid kit with you. You never know when to have first aid.
The shooting location can be located both in the park near your house and on the mountain slopes, where you can’t get there on horseback. Based on this, you need to calculate what equipment to take with you on the road. In addition, the cost of the event may depend on the location of the shooting. With a limited budget, you need to really look at things and calculate the shooting conditions (both technological and geographical) based on financial capabilities.
Tolerances and Permissions
Especially colorful places that could make your pictures unique are protected. We are talking about museums, serious business centers or shopping centers. To conduct shooting, you need to get permission. Sometimes this is easy to do, and sometimes it can take several days. That is why you need to take care of obtaining permission in advance.
To conduct a good photo shoot, you need to choose places and plan an event long before the event. The more thoroughly you approach this issue, the less disappointment there will be in unsuccessful shots, and the less time you will spend on processing photos in a graphical editor.
What objects can these be
- Sports competitions, car races - any dynamic games when you need to catch the moment, the faces of the players and the natural positions of the bodies.
- Children's morning performances and concerts, school and kindergarten, any shooting of children is fraught with difficulty to catch the desired angle. It is practically impossible to obtain a static position of the child’s body.
- Theatrical performances, concerts and performances of artists in the pictures should convey mood and action.
- Nature in motion, flowing water, wind and trees in motion with improper shooting are blurry or unnatural.
- Salute is a separate issue, an experienced photographer can take a good picture of a firework.
- Cars and fast moving objects.
Knowledge and skills for shooting on the move
This type of shooting is carried out with a tripod or does not imply its use and is based on a successful capture of the frame and game exposure. If light and shadow are important for studio shooting, for street focus and distance, then you need to take into account the dynamics and direction of movement, the speed of the object and features. For example, water and cars require different approaches, if the photo should turn out beautifully and naturally. Highlights when shooting in motion:
Properly set the shutter speed
When shooting moving objects, this is the most important parameter. The higher the speed, the faster the shutter should click - for a car on a race track 1/4000, and 1/250 per second is enough to capture a person’s movement. The ideal option is manual adjustment in shutter priority mode to change it quickly during the shooting process with the remaining static parameters.
ISO / degree of curtain opening
From the camera settings, the quality of the photos in motion can be affected by the ISO and the degree of opening of the aperture shutter. It already depends on the location of shooting - on the street during the day the amount of light entering the lens is very different from the dance floor in a nightclub. To find the optimal ratio, take a few sighting shots before the event to understand the direction, source and amount of light.
1. Pay attention to the background.
Sometimes a good shot can easily spoil the out-of-place post that has grown from the head. Such trifles can be noticed not immediately, but they greatly spoil the impression of the picture.
A suitable background may even be where you do not expect to see it at all. For example, it can be a transformer booth with a textured wall, or a service entrance, which looks quite unpresentable from a distance, but looks pretty good near. Look for interesting materials and textures for the background even in the most unexpected places, only then get ready to fight off questions in the spirit of “Where did you find such a cool background ?!”
2. Be careful with close-ups.
The fact is that with close shooting, the frame geometry changes, as a result, the appearance is distorted. The face becomes like a hamster, and this is unlikely to be in your hands. Move the lens away a little and you will see that the picture will turn out much better.
3. Experiment with a tilt angle
Let's compare in our example. We have a pretty carousel and no less pretty model, how to combine them? You can just stand next to the attraction and take a picture, or you can take a selfie and change the angle - you get a mischievous and funny frame. So we will see the round roof of the carousel, and the swing, and give the picture a liveliness. Be not afraid and experiment with a tilt angle when it is pertinent.
5. Beauty is around
Not selfies and architecture unified - interesting objects for shooting are literally around us. Sometimes a random frame can be a real masterpiece. Do not try to fit everything all at once, look at the world with curiosity - and you will see how many simple things you would like to share around.
6. Learn to catch a good light
Good lighting is an important part of a good shot. The difference in these two frames is literally one and a half steps, and the result is obvious. In the second picture, it was possible to catch a softer light, in addition, the background very successfully “fell” into the dark and hid unnecessary details.
Twist the camera a bit, try to catch the light on your face. Do not forget that the lighting should fall on you, and not shine from behind, otherwise you will get only a silhouette.
7. But do not overdo it with him
Too bright light can also play a cruel joke. Shooting in bright daylight is not easy even for experienced photographers, and portraits in the sun will turn out, most likely, with narrowed eyes. Therefore, try not to take pictures during hours of high solar activity. Look for the most beautiful natural light in the morning and at sunset.
8. Avoid HDR mode
The HDR effect was once very popular on Instagram, and even now some photo-processing applications offer filters with this effect. But the fashion for HDR has long passed, but the unnaturalness of such frames remains. Leave these filters in the past, where they belong.
10. Look for the perfect selfie angle
Many photographers believe that each person has a so-called “working” side of the face, it is she who should turn and pose. In part, this statement is true, but so that your profile is not littered with the same type of personnel, it’s worthwhile to show imagination and look for new perspectives.
For example, you can lie on your back and remove yourself from above. What to watch out for are frames made from below: they paint few people.
11. Do not be afraid of uncomfortable poses for beautiful shots.
Do you want to take a macro picture or fit an entire structure into a frame? Do not be afraid to squat down, lie down on the grass or kind of ugly to swear ugly: firstly, does it really matter what others think, secondly, a beautiful shot is worth some effort.
12. Each shot has its own ideal angle
Finding the perfect angle with full-length shots is a little more difficult than taking a selfie. If you want to get a full-length shot, it is better to ask to take it a little from the bottom: this way you will significantly add growth to yourself. True, this trick works best with slender models.
With frames sitting everything is different. If you shoot from the side, the frame risks getting “flat”, but if you take pictures from below, you can easily get a distortion of the picture (in addition, the leg is pointed directly at the lens, which does not add beauty). The result will be much better if you shoot a little from above: the proportions will be respected, and the surrounding landscape will fall into the frame.
Correctly configure the camera
You must always be focused and with a fully configured camera, as well as clearly know the features of the upcoming event, otherwise there is a chance to miss the most important thing and get distracted at the wrong moment. Racing cars involves shooting at the finish line or at certain stages of the laps.
Get ready in advance, take a few shots, set up the camera and wait for the right moment. Also in the theater, there are dramatic pauses, important moments in the script and action, when you can convey the mood and storyline in one shot.
Ideally, you need to focus on the object in advance, if you know where this object will be located. If this is a production shoot with dancers or athletes, you can even determine the focus area in advance and show where they need to move for optimal results.
Walk in advance on the permitted site for shooting, in which places the most favorable angle is, where the ugly background is interfering, from where more elements will be visible. This will save you time searching in the process. Then you can also determine the camera settings for each place, so that on the move you can set already known and verified values.
Do not look back while working
Do not go in cycles in viewing the received frames in the process of work, try to make the maximum number of frames, carefully following what is happening in front of the lens so as not to miss something important. After filming, in the process of post-processing a large number of options of the same angle will make it possible to choose the most successful shots.
It is especially useful for you to get a natural movement in the pictures. This is a shot in motion in the direction of movement of the object, it allows you to make the central figure of the frame as clear as possible, and the background is blurred with the effect of displacement.
This method requires skill and training so as not to miss important interesting shots at work, especially if this is not a production shoot, but a competition.
If you take into account these important points in your work, then quickly learn how to get high-quality images without loss.
Techniques and techniques for shooting motion
There are several basic techniques for shooting moving objects, the choice of which depends on the desired effect. For example, if you need to blur the background and focus on the object in the foreground, then one type of settings is selected. And you can make your neighbors fuzzy, blur them, and focus on distant objects. These are artistic techniques to create the right mood in the picture.
- A great example is the figure of a person against the background of moving cars in the evening, when the headlights create a beautiful light stream behind the object and highlight it in the photograph.
- Blurring the background is achieved by setting a small shutter speed and movement in the direction of the subject. That is, a person standing still is shot in the static position of the camera with a slow shutter speed, then the background is blurred, and the central figure is in focus.
Blurring the foreground requires placing the camera on a tripod to minimize noise and defocus. The emphasis is on a distant point, and an object with a higher speed of movement is blurry. So you can shoot cars on the road when the focus is on the opposite side of the road, and the objects will turn moving at high speed. From the settings here you need a short shutter speed, when illuminated - lower the ISO or cover the shutter aperture.
For artistic scenes of street shooting, when there is no specific focus, you can use shutter speed of about 1/1000, bright spots and interesting combinations are obtained, since all objects move at different speeds.
When setting the minimum exposure, there is a risk of overexposure, so the ISO must be checked and tried in advance. Try shooting with different light reflectance and aperture values at the same focus value. Combine different settings with different shutter speeds.
Examples of moving objects
There are several generally accepted objects suitable for this type of shooting. They are obtained as effectively as possible, convey dynamics and mood, create sensations of movement even from the picture.
The most common option is shooting children. Children can’t sit still, it’s difficult to make them pose and you need to be able to catch every emotion and not miss unique frames.
This is achieved by setting the shutter speed from 1/250 to 1/400, and on roundabouts or swings you can get great shots with shutter speeds of more than 1/1000, blurring the background.
The same conditions are required for shooting animals, but the birds will need a shorter shutter speed to get a clear outline of the wings. Moreover, the higher it is, the contours will be sharper, even in flight. The wiring technique is also suitable here if you move parallel to the movement of an animal or bird.
Taking pictures of trains, escalators, passing cars will allow you to create a bright juicy background with a powerful motion effect, since they have repeating elements - windows, glare of headlights.
It will require a slow shutter speed and a static subject, which you can focus on for a brighter accent. Use a tripod in this case to avoid distortion and unnecessary items.
Cars, motorcycles and bicycles are good because they can be removed from the side, as well as sitting on them. Here you can use wiring and blur the background at a fast shutter speed when focusing on the subject. And also with a long exposure, sitting behind the wheel.
The amusement park is an ideal place to train filming of moving objects, since everything moves around here, there are practically no static objects. Here you can take a tripod or remove it from your hands, impose light filters, increase and decrease shutter speed, focus on skating people or on the carousels themselves.
At night, each attraction is illuminated by bright lights, which creates the impression of a riot of colors. The escalator can also be removed from the side or from another angle - from it, it depends on it whether the escalator itself or people on it will be clear.
Umbrellas and any moving objects that create patterns and interesting pictures. It is like a kaleidoscope effect, casting glare, light and shadow drawings, perfectly complementing portraits and photo shoots on a walk. With a short shutter speed, colored stripes and a motion effect are obtained, and with a long exposure, a blurred bright background and in contrast a clear figure or object. In the second case, you need a tripod.
Street and nature provide many opportunities to try shooting objects in motion - branches in the wind, hurrying people, flying insects, running water and fountains, and much more. From each one can make an artwork.
- Water in a river or sea, fountains and waterfalls require special attention and filming techniques. There can be 2 options: smooth water, similar to fabric and a natural surface with splashes and highlights.
For the effect of “frozen water” a short shutter speed and a tripod are used. Then all the bumps are visible. For softness and smoothness of the surface, a slow shutter speed of about 1 second is used, polarizing filters, it is advisable to use a tripod, as in the first case.
As in any other type of filming, you need to photograph moving objects wisely, correctly using the capabilities of your camera. Light reflection, the opening of the aperture, focal length and other parameters must be selected according to the case, depending on the place and time of shooting. But such an indicator as “shutter speed” should have a manual adjustment mode.
- If we shoot a moving object and need to be "caught", then we reduce the shutter speed to a minimum and quickly catch the desired frame. Fixed objects will be sharp, and the desired object in motion, that is, a little blurry. Here the shutter speed depends on the speed, the faster the athlete or the car moves, the less often the shutter should fire.
Любой из этих техник съемки требует теоретической подготовки и «пристрелки» перед началом работы, а также настройки камеры до начала мероприятия, чтобы не тратить драгоценное время и не упускать уникальные и важные кадры.